Octane is a straight-chain alkane with the chemical formula CH3(CH2)6CH3. • Octane has 18 structural isomers:
2,3-Dimethylhexane • 2,4-Dimethylhexane • 2,5-Dimethylhexane
3,4-Dimethylhexane (meso compound)
Butane, also called n-butane, is the unbranched alkane with four carbon atoms, CH3CH2CH2CH3. Butane is also used as a collective term for n-butane together with its only other isomer, isobutane (also called methylpropane), CH(CH3)3. • Butanes are highly flammable, colorless, odorless, easily liquefied gases. The name butane comes from the roots but- (from butyric acid) and -ane. • Rotati...
Methane is a chemical compound with the molecular formula . It is the simplest alkane, and the principal component of natural gas. Methane's bond angles are 109.5 degrees. Burning methane in the presence of oxygen produces carbon dioxide and water. The relative abundance of methane and its clean burning process makes it a very attractive fuel. However, because it is a gas at normal temperature and...
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