Computing...

Input interpretation:

spruce wood |   |   | ultimate tensile strength |   |  \n |  |  |  | orientation | parallel


Average result:

12 ksi  (kips-force per square inch)\n(based on 2 types of spruce wood)


Members:

black spruce, dry  |  black spruce, green  |  Canadian spruce  |  ...\n(15)

Source information
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